August 18, 2013 at 12:36 am #94973
As you spend this weekend with family and friends, don’t forget JJP at TWIB.
Drop those links. Engage in debate. Give us trivia and gossip too.
And always, have a peaceful day.August 18, 2013 at 12:36 am #94974
Good Morning, EveryoneAugust 18, 2013 at 10:00 am #94975
MSNBC’s Joy Reid to Rand Paul: ‘Take a Deep Breath Before You Talk About Race’
by Matt Wilstein | 6:35 pm, August 17th, 2013
Filling in for Melissa Harris-Perry Saturday, MSNBC’s Joy Reid delivered in open letter to Sen. Rand Paul (R-KY), admonishing the 2016 hopeful for his attempts to talk about race. “There are some people, who, for their own sake, should take a very deep breath before they talk about race,” Reid said.
The impetus for Reid’s letter were comments made this week by “the right’s new poster child for awkward race talk” Paul about North Carolina’s new voter restrictions. Paul reportedly told a Louisville-based NPR affiliate, “I don’t think there is objective evidence that we’re precluding African-Americans from voting any longer.”
“I get that you’re trying to be the man in the GOP who steps out there on race,” Reid said, before laying out the “evidence” he said he could not find showing that “voter-ID laws preclude African Americans from voting.” She quoted statistics showing that “up to 25% of African-American adults don’t have a photo ID.” And in relation to North Carolina’s cutting down early voting by a full week, she noted that “70% of African Americans who voted in North Carolina last year voted early.”
Moving on a case study from Florida, Reid reported a Dartmouth study, which “estimated that more than 200,000 people who wanted to vote didn’t” in the 2012 election because of long lines, with African-American voters waiting twice as ling as white voters.August 18, 2013 at 10:03 am #94976
Colorado GOP Probe of Alleged Voter Fraud Comes up Empty
By: Keith Brekhus
Aug. 17th, 2013
A month ago, Colorado Secretary of State Scott Gessler (R) sent a letter to Boulder County District Attorney Stan Garrett requesting that he verify the eligibility of seventeen voters suspected of illegally voting as non-citizens. The suspicion was apparently based on the seventeen voters submitting a green card or work visa as identification when they applied for their Colorado driver’s licenses. Garnett’s office was able to easily verify that all seventeen voters were in fact legal US citizens who were eligible to vote and that none of the voters had broken any election laws. Garnett questioned the motives of the Secretary of State ‘s probe, stating:
Local governments and county clerks do a really good job regulating the integrity of elections, and I’ll stand by that record any day of the week. We don’t need state officials sending us on wild goose chases for political reasons.
Despite the GOP’s continued efforts to scare the public into believing in-person voter fraud is common, in order to justify their voter suppression tactics, the Colorado investigation reveals once again that in-person voter fraud remains exceedingly rare. Secretary of State Gessler’s Office identified seventeen cases they thought worth investigating and all seventeen came up without a single instance of fraud detected. So far the state of Colorado has identified one case of voter fraud in the last five elections, a single solitary case from 2004 that was discovered too late to prosecute because the statute of limitations had expired.August 18, 2013 at 10:05 am #94977
GOP Confessions: ‘We want to cut this’ is Code For ‘Ni**er, ni**er’
By: Sarah Jones
Aug. 17th, 2013
If you’re tired of Republicans telling you that they’re not racists because Democrats were the party of the South way back in history, you’re not alone. But don’t blame the conservative—they do, after all, live in their Republican fantasy land of Perfect White America, which naturally was many, many years ago (actually, it never existed).
Here’s the tape to quote when stuck in the logic failure of an argument with a very defensive racist conservative who may or may not be calling you “retarded” in an effort to show prove that you are the bully (irony really is dead and it hurts my head). They won’t get it, but others will, and after all, it’s time to just take pity on the lost people while trying to reach the semi-conscious.
Now, y’all aren’t quoting me on this? You start out in 1954 by saying, “Ni**er, ni**er, ni**er.” By 1968 you can’t say “ni**er”—that hurts you, backfires. So you say stuff like forced busing, states’ rights and all that stuff, and you’re getting so abstract now; you’re talking about cutting taxes, and all these things you’re talking about are totally economic things and a byproduct of them is, blacks get hurt worse than whites.
And subconsciously maybe that is part of it, but I’m not saying that. I’m saying that if it is getting that abstract, that coded, that we’re doing away with the racial problem one way or another. Obviously sitting around saying “We want to cut this,” is much more abstract than even the busing thing, and a hell of a lot more abstract than “Ni**er, ni**er.” Anyway you look at it, race is coming on the back burner.”
No, that’s not from the 1880s. That’s Lee Atwater in 1981, a major Republican strategist then working in Ronald Reagan’s White House, being interviewed by political scientist Alexander Lamis. Atwater spoke like that while working in the White House under Reagan. Seriously.
But Republicans denied this fact for a very long time. They claimed he was taken out of context, and that Lamis lied. After Lamas died in 2012, James Carter IV (masked avenger of social inequality) approached his widow, Renée Lamis, to see if she might be interested in finally publishing the full interview. She was. After all, for years, Republicans had claimed it was a lie. Carter gave the entire Atwater interview to the Nation last December, where you can listen to the entire audio. Nope. Not out of context. In fact, he clearly admits this after demanding that he won’t be quoted – and that is why Lamis left Atwater’s name off of the quote. Republicans repay ethics and class with character assassination and lies. It’s so sad to see a party without an ounce of integrity left it in.August 18, 2013 at 10:14 am #94978
Low-income schools struggle under state’s grading system
By Michael Vasquez and David Smiley
With dozens of changes in just the past three years, the formula behind Florida’s A-to-F school grading system has been criticized as a confusing mess. But there’s been at least one constant in Miami-Dade and Broward results: The wealthiest schools never get Fs, and schools with high populations of poor students face an uphill battle to even get a C.
The trend is visible through a decade-plus of school grade results, dating back to the first grades issued in 1999.
A Miami Herald analysis of this year’s elementary and middle school grades (high school grades aren’t available yet) shows:
• Although high poverty rates don’t necessarily doom a school to a subpar grade, D and F schools are overwhelmingly serving students from poor neighborhoods, and the few schools that do overcome poverty to achieve an A are outliers. (There were nine such schools this year, all in Miami-Dade).
• Of the 209 schools in Miami-Dade and Broward with at least 90 percent of students receiving free or reduced lunch, 78 percent received a grade of C or worse. Roughly 39 percent of these high-poverty schools received a D or F.
• Of the 43 local schools with much lower poverty rates (30 percent or fewer students receiving free or reduced lunch), 86 percent received an A, and none received a D or F.
Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/2013/08/10/v-fullstory/3555391/low-income-schools-struggle-under.html?utm_content=buffercdf96&utm_source=buffer&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=Buffer#storylink=cpyAugust 18, 2013 at 10:16 am #94979
Senate Conservatives Fund To Make McConnell ‘Feel The Heat’ In KY Campaign
It’s certainly not getting any easier for Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-KY).
The Senate Minority Leader is on defense on multiple fronts as he seeks re-election in 2014: a well-funded primary challenger in Matt Bevin, a well-connected Democratic opponent in Alison Lundergan Grimes, dismal poll numbers, a fractured caucus seeking deals with the White House and a campaign manager who embarassingly admitted he’s holding his nose for a possible presidential run from the state’s junior senator, Rand Paul.
On Friday, a leading tea party-aligned group previously associated with Jim DeMint announced they were planning a “statewide media campaign in Kentucky” to make McConnell “feel the heat” and support a conservative effort to defund Obamacare.
“Mitch McConnell is telling people he opposes Obamacare while he refuses to oppose its funding. We can’t let him have it both ways. If he funds it, he’s for it,” said Matt Hoskins, the executive director of the Senate Conservatives Fund, in an email seeking funds for the campaign.August 18, 2013 at 10:20 am #94980
The Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction broke down more than 2,000 of the applicants who wanted to go to 25 of these voucher schools, and it turns out that the vast majority of these kids aren’t coming from public schools.
The top 25 schools had 2,069 eligible students apply to be in the Wisconsin Parental Choice Program. Of those students, 76 percent (1,566) did not attend a Wisconsin public school last year, and 24 percent (503) were from public schools. Of the 2,069 eligible students, 67 percent (1,393) attended a private school last year.
The Wisconsin Parental Choice Program is limited to 500 students for the 2013-14 school year. State law requires the department to conduct a random drawing of eligible student applications and allocate 10 seats to each of the 25 schools and then fill the remaining 250 seats randomly. The random selection of student applications will be conducted by computer next week.August 18, 2013 at 10:24 am #94981
August 16, 2013 3:19 PM
Hey, Republicans! Obamacare Is Off the Table!
By Ed Kilgore
There’s an increasingly obvious problem with the efforts of GOP congressional leaders to tamp down “base” support for a “defunding Obamacare” drive linked to a continuing resolution to keep the federal government operating this fall: they’re talking about other measures to cripple Obamacare—e.g., a delay in key provisions like the individual mandate—perhaps linked to other “hostages” like the debit limit, instead of talking about using whatever leverage they have to achieve other Republican objectives.
On Wednesday I compared these leaders to a parent trying to bribe an unruly child demanding ice cream with a double scoop sometime later. But what if ice cream production has come to a halt? Can the kids be talked into gorging themselves on some other kind of sugary treat?
I don’t know, but at Salon, the exceptionally well plugged-in Brian Beutler thinks it’s time for Republicans to stop talking about ice cream:
Even in the dour days of 2011, when Dems were defeated, morose, and willing to negotiate away almost anything, major provisions of Obamacare were off the table. In 2013, almost everything is off the table. They’re done getting mugged by the GOP. Funding the government and increasing the debt limit are fundamental responsibilities of Congress, and Republicans won’t get more than a couple fig leafs for marshalling enough votes to accomplish them….
I can imagine Democrats putting something genuinely marginal to the ACA on the table. Like I said, a fig leaf. But not the individual mandate. Getting many people into the insurance exchanges, and particularly young healthy people, is crucial to the law’s success, and the mandate is the only stick they have (and it’s a pretty flimsy one) to prod them in there. Everything else is carrots. It’s conceivable to me that the inducements, and the national enrollment outreach effort, will be successful enough on their own to render the mandate ancillary in 2014. But postponing it is too big of a risk.
Republicans should know this. I think GOP leaders do know it, and for the sake of stability and a calming autumn, I sure hope they do. If they don’t, they’ll blunder into these discussions completely blind to how empty they’re about to come up. They’ll feel like they got rolled, when in reality they’ll have simply been mistaken about the terms of the negotiation. And that’s the only way I can imagine these crazed theatrics transforming into a genuine crisisAugust 18, 2013 at 10:30 am #94982
Check Yo’ Privilege: Man Gets $6.5 million to Make Same Lady Blog Everyone Else Made First
August 15, 2013 by Danielle C. Belton
Bryan Goldberg just discovered that women read and wants to tell you all about it.
Heck, he’s even made a site for it called Bustle.com! And with the help of $6.5 million in venture capital funding he’s managed to put together a site that offers pretty much the same thing most “lady blogs” offer … only with even fewer people of color.
I know. How is that even possible? But yes. You can always have fewer people of color.
Anyway, everyone on #whitetwitter is talking about it! But in the most not nice way possible!
Something beautiful happened yesterday: an otherwise fractious Internet was drawn together in harmony, united in mutual contempt for a new website called Bustle. Bustle is the spawn of asinine media mastermind Bryan Goldberg—creator of the dudebro sports-spam boiler room Bleacher Report—who reached new depths explaining his amazing, unprecedented brainstorm: a website… for girls
When I first saw the title of Goldberg’s article “I’ve raised $6.5 million to build and grow my new company: Bustle.com” I thought it was going to be like one of those “I raised a kabillion dollars for my site and HERE’S HOW YOU CAN TOO!” But instead it was just a blathering of unchecked white male privilege spilling out all over the place.
Yes! It is time! To create! The same site! Everyone else has already created! Like The Hairpin or Jezebel or XO Jane or Feministing or The Frisky. It is time to boldly go where many have gone before, but went without $6.5 million to start.
God. Why didn’t he just spit in every woman-started web site’s face say “I can do everything you can do only worse with a lot more money!”
Now, if I sound a touch bitter it’s because I am. How can I not be? I’m a lady blogger who has written for some of the aforementioned lady blogs. I have watched the independent ones, those not backed by a larger network or publication, struggle in spite of having an established audience. For most lady blogs venture capital funding is hard to come by. Believe me, this site, which gets 800,000 unique views a month according to Google Analytics and wasn’t just born yesterday talking like nothing ever existed before it, has tried to get venture capital funding. And this site has been told the audience needs to be bigger, that no one’s investing in content, that black lady blogs are a “niche.” Yet, Goldberg found funding, but I find it unlikely that he found it because his idea to create what has already been created was so brilliant.August 18, 2013 at 10:32 am #94983
Have I Wasted the Civil Rights Legacy?
On the eve of the March on Washington, a writer asks if she’s made the most of hard-fought victories.
By: Danielle C. Belton | Posted: August 15, 2013 at 12:52 AM
I have a friend, a good friend, with whom I share an affliction. He, too, comes from a good family that has done many great things in the face of dire situations, which he and I would learn about only in books. We read about the “Whites Only” bathrooms, lunch counters, the inferior schooling and poverty, things we would never experience firsthand or know, thanks to the hard work of those who came before us.
And yet, neither of us felt good about ourselves. He, a graduate student at a prestigious university, and I, a writer, were both battling a form of guilt — a survivor’s guilt, or what could be better explained as “successor’s guilt.” Meaning, we were the heirs of a revolution, and this was the best we could do?
We were staring into the abyss and blinking profusely, partially immobilized with fear. We would be the first generation in our families not to do better than our parents, thanks to our own well-meaning, but at times faulty judgment and careers crippled by “the perpetual, slow-moving recession” black people have been in since 2009.
Both of us had chosen to do exactly what we wanted in life, assuming that we would, naturally, do great things. And I’m sure, if you asked our mothers, they’d say they were proud of us, but a mother’s unconditional love brings little solace. After all, the obstacles of segregation and abject poverty were successfully removed from our lives, thanks to our parents and those who fought and died for us. We had to do better.
And yet, we had not.
This month we will commemorate the 50th anniversary of the historic March on Washington, an iconic moment in civil rights history. As I reflect on what my parents and grandparents witnessed, I wonder if my generation can live up to its potential. Or, more personally, will I live up to my potential, standing on the shoulders of those who came before me?
Like my friend, I was raised on “the movement.” I was taught my history. I read The Autobiography of Malcolm X and Dick Gregory’s memoir, Nigger, when I was 12. I watched and read and learned so much about the movement that my father once joked that if I kept watching the documentary Eyes on the Prize, it was going to turn me into a militant.
It didn’t. But it did make me self-aware.August 18, 2013 at 10:34 am #94984
‘The Butler’: Lifting the Veil on Black Life
The film, which may spark a real conversation on race, truly captures how we live behind closed doors.
By: Henry Louis Gates Jr. | Posted: August 16, 2013 at 1:45 PM
I watched Lee Daniels’ The Butler in a standing-room-only theater on Martha’s Vineyard, with a thoroughly integrated audience of well-educated black and white people, whose ages ranged from teenagers and college students to midcareer professionals and retirees. The audience sat riveted over the entire course of the film, alternatively moved to laugh at the intraracial humor, to cry at the frailties and foibles of the all-too-human characters so vividly brought to life and to sit in pained — sometimes stunned — silence at the film’s most poignant revelations about the mysteries and horrors of race and race relations in 20th-century America.
I have to confess that I, a film junkie and a student of black cinema, past and present, found myself deeply and profoundly moved by The Butler from start to finish. There are several reasons that I was so engrossed with the film’s plot and the brilliantly subtle ways that Daniels brought Danny Strong’s extraordinary screenplay to life, but upon reflection, I think the most important of these is Daniels’ and Strong’s uncanny capacity to lift the veil, as W.E.B. Du Bois so famously put it, on how black people actually talk to one another behind closed doors, when they are free to speak unconsciously, without censoring themselves in front of white people or in the presence of the black thought police. In other words, when no one is around to disturb the unconscious flow of black culture at its most honest and direct.
How many other black films have ever achieved this quality? Not many, I am afraid. For even our most accomplished black filmmakers, when bringing the complex reality of African-American history and consciousness to the screen, still have a tendency to worry about “what white people will think of us,” or how telling the truth about ourselves might be “misused” by right-wing commentators or Tea Party detractors of our great president. So they censor themselves, for what they naively and mistakenly believe is the “greater good” of the political destiny of our people.
But this is always a mistake: Censorship — even, or especially, self-censorship — is to art as lynching is to justice. It aborts creative genius; it aborts the quest to find a language, in this case the language of film, to tell the truth about one aspect of the human experience, in its fullest complexity. But Daniels and Strong avoid this pitfall, a pitfall deadly to the creation of art, and do so magnificently. For this reason alone, although there are many other strengths in this film, both Daniels and Strong, in my opinion, deserve Academy Award and NAACP Image Award nominations for this great achievement.
But there is a second reason that I love this film: It achieves, implicitly, what so many black political figures and talking heads have been calling for since the George Zimmerman verdict was announced — that proverbial “conversation about race” called for, it seems, every time another racist incident is inflicted upon a black person. Let me admit that I am dubious about “conversations about race” — not because we don’t need to continue to address how the historical or systematic manifestations of structural and institutional racism persist in affecting how each and every black person can conduct his or her daily life. We do. And not because I think that the other source of anti-black treatment of our people — individual attitudes, often unconscious ones, that reflect a deep-seated prejudice, rooted deep in the psyche — should not be analyzed and worked through in a collective, national therapy session. We so urgently need this kind of psychological cleansing of personal bias.
It’s just that I don’t think either of these two causes of anti-black racism can be addressed sufficiently, once and for all, in a single “conversation about race,” no matter who is leading it, how many tears its participants shed and how many choruses of “We Shall Overcome” that sort of feel-good session ends with.August 18, 2013 at 10:37 am #94985
15 Black Feminist Books Everyone Should Read
Solidarity may be for white women and black power for black men, but these books are for everybody.
By: Diamond Sharp | Posted: August 16, 2013 at 4:03 PM
White feminism’s disregard for black women’s issues is nothing new, and sexism in black power movements from the United States to South Africa is also well documented. So it was no surprise when Twitter exploded on Monday with the #solidarityisforwhitewomen trending topic. Writer Mikki Kendall started the tag in response to the insensitivity of some noted white feminists toward victims of writer Hugo Schwyzer’s vicious attacks on feminists of color.
On Tuesday, Ebony’s Jamilah Lemieux’s #blackpowerisforblackmen continued the conversation, this time focusing on the plight of black feminists within the black community. With these hashtags, black feminists used Twitter to revisit discussions that are often ignored in both mainstream feminist media and historical accounts of black liberation struggles. Unsurprisingly, by the end of the night, the #solidarityisforwhitewomen stream was full of tweets from people who clearly don’t read books about black feminism. The #blackpowerisforblackmen hashtag was filled with comments from those who refused to acknowledge black male privilege.
It’s not a good idea to tell black feminists anything about black feminism if you don’t know what you’re talking about. Or, as my grandmother always tells me, don’t open your mouth if you don’t have anything intelligent to say. While I’m tempted just to tell everyone to Google this information on their own, I’ve also compiled a list of black feminist books that everyone should read before entering conversations like the ones these hashtags started.August 18, 2013 at 10:38 am #94986
White Is the New White
Aura Bogado on August 16, 2013 – 11:10 AM ET
Slave narratives became most fashionable among abolitionist circles in the mid-nineteenth century. These narratives remain deeply powerful, yet each one is framed by a white introduction, which authenticates the black experience. The white practice of verifying the lives of black fugitives who were skillfully plotting their own liberation has changed in circumstance and in medium—but the role of white people at its center has not. Today, its latest manifestation is playing out in the Netflix hit series, Orange Is the New Black.
I first saw a poster for the new series on a subway platform. The word “black” plastered near women of all colors in prison jumpsuits made me shake my head in disappointment, but I soon forgot about it along with all the other racist images I’m surrounded by daily. The next time I saw a reference to Orange Is the New Black was on a giant video billboard during the massive march in New York following George Zimmerman’s acquittal in connection with the killing of Trayvon Martin. As thousands of people took to the streets against white supremacy, there was an intense irony about a fictionalized depiction of black women cheering on a prison fight as a very blond white woman stood there, shocked with horror. I crudely tweeted, “Racist shit playing W 35 and 6th. It never ends. Neither do we. #HoodiesUp,” with a looping vine to illustrate my disappointment.
Since that time, many a friend and colleague has taken the time to explain to me that I was wrong about my gut reaction to Orange Is the New Black. They point out that the series is based on a book, whose author, Piper Kerman, spent time in prison. I answer that Assata Shakur wrote a brilliant book titled Assata: An Autobiography that includes details about her time as the only woman in an all-men’s prison—yet I’ve not seen it developed into a series. It would be timely to do so now that Shakur is the first woman on the FBI’s Most Wanted Terrorist list.
Orange Is the New Black defenders repeatedly tell me that Kerman is invested in prison reform. She very well might be. But the problem here lies in the fact that her investment in the issue has been repaid through a very different kind of investment in her by book publishers and budding media empires like Netflix. I don’t necessarily doubt that Kerman wants to see a change in the criminal justice system—just like I don’t doubt that she’s made a cottage industry for herself doing so. This started about a decade ago, when Kerman began selling “Free Piper” T-shirts through Paypal. As a bestselling author who’s sold the rights to stories of women that aren’t even hers, she’s profited from the criminalization of black and brown women who are disproportionately targeted for prison cages.
But most often, Orange Is the New Black fans tell me I need to give the series a real chance. If I can just get through the first two episodes, I’ll be content by episode three. And so I watched and cringed through six whole episodes, called it quits and hope to never again see another one in my entire life. With very little exception, I saw wildly racist tropes: black women who, aside from fanaticizing about fried chicken, are called monkeys and Crazy Eyes; a Boricua mother who connives with her daughter for the sexual attentions of a white prison guard; an Asian woman who never speaks; and a crazy Latina woman who tucks away in a bathroom stall to photograph her vagina (the pornographic image is indiscriminately paraded throughout an entire episode)August 18, 2013 at 10:39 am #94987
For Black Moms, Opting Out Is Not an Option
While other mothers who left the workforce are trying to get back in, we never left in the first place.
By: Helena Andrews | Posted: August 18, 2013 at 12:19 AM
On the long list of rhetorical questions that remain perpetually unanswerable, the problem of whether or not women can “have it all” is right there at the top. Adding to this never-ending debate is a recent New York Times Magazine article that checked in with a group of women who a decade ago “opted out” of the workforce in favor of motherhood, but who now want back in.
But even as the Times article and the philosophical question of motherhood versus career was predictably a top Twitter topic for much of last week, there was a subset of women — highly educated, equally motivated and happily married — who thought the point particularly moot: black women.
“Historically, black women, even of means, have always worked outside of the home and have always valued education,” explained Bari, a wife, in-house attorney and mother of a 3-year-old.
New mom Aliah echoed those same sentiments.
“Generally the black women who are in positions to even have this conversation — in other words, successful, well-educated professionals — are the kind who were raised and taught to be independent and take some larger role in society,” explained Aliah. “It was never a question for me about being a working wife and mother.”
Both women, among the others with whom I spoke, reaffirmed an as-yet-untested theory that I, as an as-yet-unmarried and childless woman, have held for quite some time. That, all things being equal, most working black moms see their careers as integral parts of who they are, not as hindrances to marriage and motherhood. So much so that the recurring popular refrain about “having it all” and “opting back in” have been conversations they’ve simply opted out of.
Even those who had replaced high-powered careers with more family friendly hours still believed in the power of the working mom.
“I was an attorney for 10 years and I ‘opted-out’ at the end of 2011 because the stress and guilt of working while my kids spent their afternoons and evenings at aftercare and with our nanny became unbearable,” explained Stacey Ferguson.
But Ferguson didn’t dream of opting out completely. Law school loans, an expensive home and three young children keep her and her husband from making what she described as “rash decisions.”
“I’m very much still a working mom,” explained Ferguson, who is the co-founder of Blogalicious, an online community and annual conference for bloggers of color.
Nicole Blades — a novelist, wife and mother — left her 9-to-5 job in magazine publishing to work from home when her son was born. Emphasis on work.
“Many moms I know, me included, feel it’s very important for their children to see Mama working, see Mom handling a career, see the different parts of the person who makes up Mommy,” explained Blades, who added that as a “creative” she never simply stops being a writer.
Family history also played a huge role in how many of the black mothers with whom I spoke viewed their own legacies in the work place and at home.
“Part of valuing that education is putting it to use,” said Bari. “My great-grandparents were college-educated, as were my husband’s, and so the idea of taking that for granted and not utilizing that education seems wasteful to me.”
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